Genetic Engineering and Developments in Biotechnology by Anne Rooney, Crabtree Publishing, 2016. ISBN: 9780778775386. Reviewed by John R. Clark, MLIS.
This is another good entry in the Crabtree Engineering series. It starts with the same introduction-the eight steps engineers use in the development process, then lists some of the areas where genetic engineering is most promising, including agriculture, medicine, environmental management, research and conservation (notably of endangered species). The book does acknowledge the fact that there are aspects of genetic engineering which are fairly controversial. It describes how genes work, mentions the Human Genome Project, while noting that mapping has been completed, but the functions of the more than 20,000 genes is far from being identified..
How genetic engineering works, who the notable pioneers have been/are, what cloning is and how introducing changed material into cells works are next. Ethical issues surrounding GMOs, how difficult future choices may be as well as some modifications like disease resistant bees, plus the potential to bring back extinct creatures like the Woolly Mammoth round out this text. While it doesn’t go into great depth about any of these areas, it still provides younger students with an eye-opening introduction to an aspect of engineering that will only grow in importance as time goes on.